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Psychedelics make clear the underpinnings of consciousness

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A woman wearing a face mask feeds pigeons in an almost deserted Marble Arch in London.

Sightings of some frequent chicken species elevated throughout the UK’s 2020 lockdown.Credit score: Tolga Akmen/AFP by way of Getty

As individuals shifted their behaviour throughout lockdowns in the UK, so did birds. However removed from the cheerful tales of dolphins within the Bosphorus, for instance, not all frequent British chicken species benefited from curtailed human motion.

• Small birds, akin to Eurasian blue tits (Cyanistes caeruleus) and home sparrows (Passer domesticus), have been noticed much less steadily than in earlier years, probably as a result of individuals at residence disrupted their yard habitats.

• Corvids and gulls appeared to be extra plentiful, possibly as a result of individuals littered extra meals refuse outside.

• Metropolis pigeons (Columba livia) appeared unaffected. “They don’t give a crap about what we do,” says behavioural ecologist and co-author Miyako Warrington.

Nature | 8 min learn

Reference: Proceedings of the Royal Society B paper

Many astronomers began analysing information from the James Webb House Telescope proper after the primary batch was launched, on 14 July, and rapidly posted their outcomes on preprint servers — however at the moment are having to transform them. The telescope’s detectors had not been calibrated completely when the primary information have been made out there, and that reality slipped previous some astronomers of their pleasure. To this point, the revisions don’t appear to considerably change lots of the thrilling early outcomes, akin to the invention of a variety of candidates for essentially the most distant galaxy ever noticed. However the ongoing calibration course of is forcing astronomers to reckon with the restrictions of early information from Webb. “For these together with myself who had written a paper throughout the first two weeks, it was a little bit of — ‘Oh no, is every thing that we’ve accomplished incorrect, does all of it have to go within the bin?’” says astronomer Nathan Adams.

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Nature | 6 min learn

Sea ranges are rising quick alongside China’s coast, and researchers are looking for out why. In contrast with the worldwide common of three.6 millimetres a 12 months, sea ranges on the Chinese language coast are rising at a median of three.9 millimetres a 12 months, with some areas seeing will increase of shut to five millimetres a 12 months, in response to an evaluation of ocean sensors and satellite tv for pc information, printed this month. Researchers in China suggest a number of causes, together with seas within the area warming quicker, and extra freshwater runoff into these seas, in addition to decrease air strain. Greater than 40% of individuals in China dwell in coastal areas with low elevation, making them very weak to sea-level rise.

The Guardian | 3 min learn

Reference: Journal of Geophysical Analysis: Oceans paper

Options & opinion

Nature printed a number of papers by statistician Francis Galton and different eugenicists — a part of “a shameful seam” working by way of the publication’s historical past. A Nature editorial acknowledges offensive and dangerous materials printed within the journal, together with racist, sexist and antisemitic views. And, within the lead as much as a forthcoming particular challenge on racism in analysis, the editorial reiterates the journal’s present purpose of fostering fairness, range and inclusion.

Nature | 8 min learn

Pharmacologist David Bailey, who was an Olympic runner and the primary Canadian to interrupt the four-minute mile, has died aged 77. Whereas researching whether or not a blood-pressure medicine interacted with alcohol, Bailey went by way of the juices in his fridge at residence, on the lookout for one thing to masks the style of ethanol in a double-blind trial. As an alternative, he found ‘the grapefruit impact’: the juice can dramatically enhance the absorption of dozens of oral medicines. “His discoveries have improved the standard of life for hundreds of thousands of sufferers utilizing [prescription] medication,” says George Dresser, certainly one of Bailey’s colleagues.

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The Globe and Mail | 7 min learn (intermittent paywall)

Learn physician-scientist David Juurlink’s very readable Twitter thread relating the invention of the grapefruit impact as Bailey advised it.

Individuals are getting their brains scanned after taking psychedelic medication to assist researchers to analyze the programs that underpin consciousness.

Nature Video | 12 min watch

Nature Outlook: Psychedelic medication is an editorially unbiased complement produced with the monetary help of Atai Life Sciences.

The place I work

Gladys Kalema-Zikusoka collects gorilla faeces from their night beds, to analyse.

Conservation scientist and veterinarian Gladys Kalema-Zikusoka is the founder and chief government of Conservation Via Public Well being in Entebbe, Uganda.Credit score: Jo-Anne McArthur/We Animals/Nature Image Library

Conservation scientist Gladys Kalema-Zikusoka takes care of the well being of mountain gorillas and livestock in southwest Uganda and works to enhance the well being of the individuals residing close to the park. Right here, she is holding a pattern assortment pot and faeces from the Habinyanja gorilla group, prepared to check it for illnesses. (Nature | 3 min learn)



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