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‘Scientists ought to think about civil disobedience’

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Five different views of the bones of the leg of the person showing healed amputation surfaces.

The left tibia (left two photos) and left fibula of a person who lived some 31,000 years in the past present healed amputation websites.Credit score: T. R. Maloney et al./Nature

The skeleton of an individual who lived 31,000 years in the past bears hallmarks of the deliberate removing of their decrease left leg — the earliest recognized surgical procedure of its variety. Found in a limestone collapse Borneo, the stays pre-date the earlier oldest recognized case of limb amputation by greater than 20,000 years. The individual seems to have survived for at the very least six to 9 years after the surgical procedure.

Nature | 5 min learn

Reference: Nature paper

On 4 September, Chileans voted to reject a proposed structure for his or her nation that framed science as a instrument for bettering society. It additionally emphasised actions towards local weather change and assist for analysis throughout all of Chile, reasonably than solely at establishments within the capital metropolis. In 2020, the nation voted overwhelmingly to interchange the structure enacted in 1980 by dictator Augusto Pinochet. However the formidable reforms within the draft constitution proved an excessive amount of for many voters, and 62% opposed it. “My intestine tells me that concern gained,” says astronomer Bárbara Rojas-Ayala.

Nature | 6 min learn

A heatwave final weekend precipitated intensive melting throughout Greenland at a time when the soften season ought to have been over. Researchers estimate that about 20 billion tonnes of ice was misplaced throughout Greenland, amounting to 7% of the entire ice misplaced within the nation in a typical 12 months. Greenland already contributes greater than the Antarctic ice sheet and mountain glaciers to rising sea ranges — which this occasion will additional elevate. “This occasion demonstrates how international warming doesn’t solely enhance the depth but in addition the size of the melting season,” says polar scientist Maurice van Tiggelen.

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The Washington Put up | 6 min learn

Options & opinion

Scientists ought to think about collaborating in civil disobedience to press for pressing local weather motion, argue six researchers who research local weather activism and coverage. “The scientific neighborhood is properly conscious of the grim trajectory on which the Earth is headed,” they write. “We have now lengthy since arrived on the level at which civil disobedience by scientists has change into justified.” Public acts of conscience are efficient, cheap and moral, they argue.

Nature Local weather Change | 8 min learn

Fifty years in the past this month, meteorologist John Sawyer printed a brief however prescient paper in Nature. In it, he summarized what was recognized concerning the function of carbon dioxide within the greenhouse impact, and made one of many first predictions of future international warming: that temperatures would rise 0.6 ℃ by the tip of the 20 th century. Meteorologist Richard Betts appears again on the historic paper and the way its predictions evaluate to the present actuality.

CarbonBrief | 8 min learn

Reference: Nature paper (from 1972)

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